In the given picture, you can find a few numbers. Now you have to fill each square of the grid in a manner that every row and every column contains the digits 1 to 6. Another thing to keep in mind is that the connected squares must have the same number in them.
In a recreational activity, you are given four different jars of 2 liters, 4 liters, 6 liters and 8 liters respectively with an unlimited water supply. Then you are asked to measure exactly 5 liters of water using them.
A couple had to take shelter in a hotel for they could not proceed their journey in the rain. Having nothing to do at all, they started playing cards. Suddenly there was a short circuit and the lights went off. The husband inverted the position of 15 cards in the deck (52 cards normal deck) and shuffled the deck.
Now he asked his wife to divide the deck into two different piles which may not be equal but both of them should have equal number of cards facing up. There was no source of light in the room and the wife was unable to see the cards.
For a certain amount of time, she thought and then divided the cards in two piles. To the husband’s astonishment, both of the piles had equal number of cards facing up.
The answer is very simple. All she had to do is take the fifteen cards from the top and reverse them. This would make another pile out of that and there will be two piles - one of 15 cards and one of 37 cards. Also both of them will have the same number of inverted cards.
Just think about it and if the mathematical explanation will help you understand better, here it is.
Assume that there were p inverted cards initially in the top 15 cards. Then the remaining 37 cards will hold 15-p inverted cards.
Now when she reverses the 15 cards on the top, the number of inverted cards will become 15-p and thus the number of inverted cards in both of the piles will become same.
You can place weights on both side of weighing balance and you need to measure all weights between 1 and 1000. For example if you have weights 1 and 3,now you can measure 1,3 and 4 like earlier case, and also you can measure 2,by placing 3 on one side and 1 on the side which contain the substance to be weighed. So question again is how many minimum weights and of what denominations you need to measure all weights from 1kg to 1000kg.
A man wronged the king and thus he was put under a trial for murder. But the king knew that the person was innocent. Also he was suspicious that his innocence will soon come out among the people. Thus, he decided to play a game of chance on the name of their almighty god.
He summoned all the people along with the accused person. He put in two chits of paper inside a bowl. He told the people that one chit has ‘Guilty’ written over it and the other one has ‘Innocent’ written over it. He tells the people that the god will decide if the accused person is culprit or not. He then asks the person to draw a chit.
Obviously, the king is cheating and he has written ‘Guilty’ over both the chits. So no matter what chit the person picks, everybody will believe that it is lord's judgment and no one will bother to look at the other chit. Even the accused person knows it that the king had played a full proof game.
What should he do in order to be conceived as an innocent person?
He should draw any chit of paper and before unfolding it, he must eat and swallow the chit. In this manner, to determine the judgment of the god, they will have to look at the other chit which will have 'Guilty' written over it. Thus everyone will believe that the chit which he ate had innocent written over it and thus they will believe that he is innocent.
There are a hundred statements.
1st person says: At least one of the statements is incorrect.
2nd person says: At least two of the statements is incorrect.
3rd person says: At least three of the statements are incorrect.
4th person says: At least four of the statements are incorrect.
100th person says: At least a hundred of the statements are incorrect.
Now analyze all the statements and find out how many of them are incorrect and how many are true?
The 100th statement for sure is incorrect because it says that at least 100 of the statements are incorrect.
Suppose if that is correct, then 100 statements cannot be true.
This suggests that the 100th statement is incorrect and that the first statement is true.
Similarly 99 statements cannot be true because if they were true, then two statements would become correct i.e. the 1st and the 99th.
But the 99th statement says that at least 99 are incorrect.
This suggests that the 99th statement is incorrect and that 2ndone is true.
If we keep analyzing is the same way till the end, we will find out that only the first fifty statements are true and all the remaining ones are incorrect.
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