Akbar summoned Birbal out of anger. He told him that he will have to face death. He asked him to make a statement and if the statement is true he will be buried alive and if the statement is false, he will be thrown at lions. After hearing Birbal’s statement, Akbar could do nothing but smile. He gave him 5 gold bars and let him go.
I will be thrown at lions. Now if Akbar threw him at lions, Birbal’s statement will stand true and he will have to bury him alive. But if he bury him, the statement will emerge as false. Thus he had no choice left
The number of decks is absolutely not relevant here which means whether we mix 5 or 500 cards still results would be same.
Any card drawn will be a Ace,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,Jack,Queen or King, so there are 13 possibilities each time a card is drawn.
If you are lucky just 5 cards of the same kind can be obtained in 4 steps
The unluckiest(worst) way is our solution as we need to guarantee a four of a kind.
Draw 3 of each kind =>now we have 39 cards. Next card will guarantee 4 of a kind.
A man desired to get into his work building, however he had forgotten his code.
However, he did recollect five pieces of information
-> Sum of 5th number and 3rd number is 14.
-> Difference of 4th and 2nd number is 1.
-> The 1st number is one less than twice the 2nd number.
->The 2nd number and the 3rd number equals 10.
->The sum of all digits is 30.
On a random day , i was not able to logged-in with my bank password , so i contacted them on phone.
Our conversation is stated as :
myself : My password is altered.
myself : I am not able to logged-in.
customer-executive : Your password is distinct this time and it got 8 letters , out of which 2 are same of your previous password.
myself: Thanks , now i am able to logged-in.
You are given a set of scales and 12 marbles. The scales are of the old balance variety. That is, a small dish hangs from each end of a rod that is balanced in the middle. The device enables you to conclude either that the contents of the dishes weigh the same or that the dish that falls lower has heavier contents than the other.
The 12 marbles appear to be identical. In fact, 11 of them are identical, and one is of a different weight. Your task is to identify the unusual marble and discard it. You are allowed to use the scales three times if you wish, but no more.
Note that the unusual marble may be heavier or lighter than the others. You are asked to both identify it and determine whether it is heavy or light.
So that the following plan can be followed, let us number the coins from 1 to 12. For the first weighing let us put on the left pan coins 1,2,3,4 and on the right pan coins 5,6,7,8.
There are two possibilities. Either they balance, or they don't. If they balance, then the different coin is in the group 9,10,11,12. So for our second one possibility is to weigh 9,10,11 against 1,2,3
(1) They balance, in which case you know 12 is the different coin, and you just weigh it against any other to determine whether it is heavy or light.
(2) 9,10,11 is heavy. In this case, you know that the different coin is 9, 10, or 11, and that that coin is heavy. Simply weigh 9 against 10; if they balance, 11 is the heavy coin. If not, the heavier one is the heavy coin.
(3) 9,10,11 is light. Proceed as in the step above, but the coin you're looking for is the light one.
That was the easy part.
What if the first weighing 1,2,3,4 vs 5,6,7,8 does not balance? Then any one of these coins could be the different coin. Now, in order to proceed, we must keep track of which side is heavy for each of the following weighings.
Suppose that 5,6,7,8 is the heavy side. We now weigh 1,5,6 against 2,7,8. If they balance, then the different coin is either 3 or 4. Weigh 4 against 9, a known good coin. If they balance then the different coin is 3, otherwise it is 4. The direction of the tilts can tell us whwther the offending coin is heavier or lighter.
Now, if 1,5,6 vs 2,7,8 does not balance, and 2,7,8 is the heavy side, then either 7 or 8 is a different, heavy coin, or 1 is a different, light coin.
For the third weighing, weigh 7 against 8. Whichever side is heavy is the different coin. If they balance, then 1 is the different coin. Should the weighing of 1,5, 6 vs 2,7,8 show 1,5,6 to be the heavy side, then either 5 or 6 is a different heavy coin or 2 is a light different coin. Weigh 5 against 6. The heavier one is the different coin. If they balance, then 2 is a different light coin.
There are two barber shop in a small town – one located in the eastern market and the other on the northern market. The shop in the eastern market is quite untidy and the barber has a shabby haircut. While the shop in the northern market is quite neat and clean and the barber is sporting an excellent haircut himself.
Which of the two shops will any foreign visitor opt for?
Anybody will prefer the shop in the eastern market for sure. There are two reasons for it:
Firstly, since there are only two barbers in the town, the one running the shop in eastern market must have gotten his hair done by the one running the shop in the northern market and vice versa. Thus, if the barber in the eastern market has a shabby haircut, it must be due to the incompatibility.
Secondly, the neat and clean shop can be due to the scarcity of customers as well. While the untidy place refers to the fact that so many customers get their hair done in that shop.
Thus any one will opt for the barber shop in the eastern market.
In a guess game , five friends had to guess the exact numbers of balls in a box.
Friends guessed as 31 , 35, 39 , 49 , 37, but none of guess was right.The guesses were off by 1, 9, 5, 3, and 9 (in a random order).
Can you determine the number of balls in a box ?