This is a famous probability puzzle in which you have to choose the correct answer at random from the four options below.
Can you tell us whats the probability of choosing correct answer in this random manner.
John is out with his class of 25 boys to a local park. Each guy has a remote controlled car with them. The park has a racetrack that allows 5 cars to be raced at once. Their teacher, Mr. Ted, declares that the top three fastest cars get ice cream.
How many races are required to determine the 3 fastest cars?
The store room of your house is locked with a certain lock that can be closed without a key but requires a key to open which you own (there is no duplicate key). You decide to move your old stuff in the storeroom. After keeping the things carefully, you lock it back again perfectly. The next day, a dead body is found in your closed store room. Since only you have the key to the store room and you live alone, the police suspects you as a murderer. You can’t understand anything when suddenly a thought strikes your mind. There is a possible way using which the dead body could have been placed by someone else.
Can you find that way so you can tell the police and prove yourself to be innocent?
When you were inside the shed, the murderer replaced the lock with his own one that was identical to your original lock. When you locked the store room, you did not require a key and there was nothing abnormal for you. When you left, the murderer opened the lock with his key, planted the dead body inside and replaced the lock again putting the original lock in the place. He then closed it without any problem.
The number of decks is absolutely not relevant here which means whether we mix 5 or 500 cards still results would be same.
Any card drawn will be a Ace,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,Jack,Queen or King, so there are 13 possibilities each time a card is drawn.
If you are lucky just 5 cards of the same kind can be obtained in 4 steps
The unluckiest(worst) way is our solution as we need to guarantee a four of a kind.
Draw 3 of each kind =>now we have 39 cards. Next card will guarantee 4 of a kind.
There can be only two cases. Either Zoe is a liar or Joe is a liar.
Let us assume that Zoe is a liar and Joe is a truthful person.
If I asked the question from Joe, the answer will be yes. If I asked the question from Zoe, the answer will be no. Thus in this case, I must have asked from Joe.
Let us assume that Zoe is a truthful and Joe is a liar.
If I asked the question from Joe, the answer will be yes. If I asked the question from Zoe, the answer will be no. Thus in this case as well, I must have asked from Joe only.
A square island comprised of a square castle. A 14m wide trench surrounded the island from everywhere. Roman Empire wanted to invade the castle and gain the loot as well as possession of the island. They brought along wooden planks to cross the trench. However, they realized that the planks were just 13m long.
How did they use those planks to invade as well as capture the island ?
You are stuck with the pirates who might even kill you on board. They give you a chance to survive. There are hundred black rocks and hundred red rocks. There are two empty sacks which are labelled as heads and tails respectively. You have to divide the rocks in two bags as per your wish. Then a fair coin will be flipped. If its heads, you will have to pick a rock on random from the sack labelled heads and if its tails, you will pick up from the tails sack. If you pick up a black rock, you will be freed and if you pick up a red rock, you will be killed.
How will you distribute the rocks so that your chances of survival are the best?
Three college toppers are summoned by the inspecting faculty. To identify the best from them, the faculty takes them into a room and places one hat on each of their heads. Now all of them can see the hats on other’s heads but can’t see his own. There are two colored hats – green and red.
Now the faculty announces that he had made sure that the competition is extremely fair to all three of them. He also gives them a hint that at least one of them is wearing a red hat. Now the first one who is able to deduce his own hat color will be awarded the most intelligent student of all award. After a few minutes, one of them raises his hand and is able to deduce the color correctly.
There are two things to keep in mind:
Firstly there is at least one red hat. (There can be two or three as well).
Secondly the competition is fair for everyone.
Thus if there is only one red hat, that person will see two green hats on other heads and will be able to deduce his own color as red. However the other students will see one red and one green hat and can never be sure. In such manner, the competition will prove to be partial for one student.
Suppose if there are two red hats. Then the students who are wearing red hats will see one red and one green hat on others. Now they must have deduced that there can’t be just one red hat. Thus they will know that they are also wearing a red hat. But the one who is wearing a green hat will see two red hats and can never be sure of his own color. In this case as well, the competition will not be fair.
Thus the only possible and fair means is if all of them are wearing a red hat. The one who is able to deduce the situation first, will raise his hand and will tell the correct answer.