A man desired to get into his work building, however he had forgotten his code.
However, he did recollect five pieces of information
-> Sum of 5th number and 3rd number is 14.
-> Difference of 4th and 2nd number is 1.
-> The 1st number is one less than twice the 2nd number.
->The 2nd number and the 3rd number equals 10.
->The sum of all digits is 30.
You trade apples from a village to your town. The distance is 1000 miles. This time you were able to get your hands on 3000 apples. You have a truck that can carry just 1000 apples at one time. At every mile is located a check post at which you have to submit 1 apple while going to the town. However, when you travel from town to village, you don’t have to give anything.
How will you make sure that you are able to transport maximum amount of apples to the town?
You have ten boxes and an electronic weighing machine. In those ten boxes, you have chocolates. Each chocolate weigh 20 grams. But in one box the chocolates are defective and each weigh 19 grams exactly.
Now you can weigh in the electronic weighing machine but you can use that machine just once. How will you find out which box has the defected chocolates.
If you are thinking to hold one chocolate from each box in hand and then balancing weight in bare hands, you are thinking all wrong.
Let us begin by labelling boxes as 1, 2, 3 and so on till 10.
Now pick one chocolate from box 1, two chocolates from box 2, three from box 3 and so on. In total, you will have 55 chocolates now. (1 + 2 + 3 + ..... + 10)
The ideal weight of the chocolates should be 55 * 20 = 1100. However, somewhere in there are the defected chocolate/s.
You can judge that clearly by noting down the result of 1100 - total weight of chocolates. If the weight is less than 1 gram, the defected box is box 1, if the weight is less than 2 grams, the defected box is box 2 and so on.
Four friends need to cross a dangerous bridge at night. Unfortunately, they have only one torch and the bridge is too dangerous to cross without one. The bridge is only strong enough to support two people at a time. Not all people take the same time to cross the bridge. Times for each person: 1 min, 2 mins, 7 mins and 10 mins. What is the shortest time needed for all four of them to cross the bridge?
The initial solution most people will think of is to use the fastest person as an usher to guide everyone across. How long would that take? 10 + 1 + 7 + 1 + 2 = 21 mins. Is that it? No. That would make this question too simple even as a warm up question.
Let’s brainstorm a little further. To reduce the amount of time, we should find a way for 10 and 7 to go together. If they cross together, then we need one of them to come back to get the others. That would not be ideal. How do we get around that? Maybe we can have 1 waiting on the other side to bring the torch back. Ahaa, we are getting closer. The fastest way to get 1 across and be back is to use 2 to usher 1 across. So let’s put all this together.
1 and 2 go cross
2 comes back
7 and 10 go across
1 comes back
1 and 2 go across (done)
In a recreational activity, you are given four different jars of 2 liters, 4 liters, 6 liters and 8 liters respectively with an unlimited water supply. Then you are asked to measure exactly 5 liters of water using them.
In a closed jar, there are three strawberry candies, two mango candies and five pineapple candies. You can't see inside the jar. Now, how many toffees you must take out from the jar to make sure that you have one of each flavor?
2 < 3 < 5
To find out the required number of candies, take one in place of the least number (i.e. take one mango candy) and then add all the greater numbers (i.e. three strawberry and five pineapple candies) to it.
There are two barber shop in a small town – one located in the eastern market and the other on the northern market. The shop in the eastern market is quite untidy and the barber has a shabby haircut. While the shop in the northern market is quite neat and clean and the barber is sporting an excellent haircut himself.
Which of the two shops will any foreign visitor opt for?
Anybody will prefer the shop in the eastern market for sure. There are two reasons for it:
Firstly, since there are only two barbers in the town, the one running the shop in eastern market must have gotten his hair done by the one running the shop in the northern market and vice versa. Thus, if the barber in the eastern market has a shabby haircut, it must be due to the incompatibility.
Secondly, the neat and clean shop can be due to the scarcity of customers as well. While the untidy place refers to the fact that so many customers get their hair done in that shop.
Thus any one will opt for the barber shop in the eastern market.
There are three bags.The first bag has two blue rocks. The second bag has two red rocks. The third bag has a blue and a red rock. All bags are labeled but all labels are wrong.You are allowed to open one bag, pick one rock at random, see its color and put it back into the bag, without seeing the color of the other rock.
How many such operations are necessary to correctly label the bags ?
Kangwa, Rafael and Ferdinand plans for gun fighting.
They each get a gun and take turns shooting at each other until only one person is left.
Kangwa hits his shot 1/3 of the time, gets to shoot first.
Rafael, hits his shot 2/3 of the time, gets to shoot next if still living.
Ferdinand having perfect record at shooting(100% accuracy) shoots last , if alive.
The cycle repeats. If you are Kangwa, where should you shoot first for the highest chance of survival?
If Kangwa shoots the ground, it is Rafael's turn. Rafael would rather shoot at Ferdinand than Kangwa, because he is better.
If Rafael kills Ferdinand, it is just Kangwa and Rafael left, giving Kangwa a fair chance of winning.
If Rafael does not kill Ferdinand, it is Ferdinand's turn. He would rather shoot at Rafael and will definitely kill him. Even though it is now Kangwa against Ferdinand, Kangwa has a better chance of winning than before.
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