Solution:
Let V be the value of a precious gem and the weight be W.
Now if we see the condition in the problem
V ∝ W3
V ∝ kW3 ---- (1) [k = constant of variation]
Since the weights of the three broken pieces of the precious gem are proportional to 4: 5: 6, we can fairly that their weights are 4w, 5w and 6w respectively.
Therefore the weight of the unbroken piece of gem = 4w + 5w + 6w = 15w
v = k ((15w)^3)
v = 3375k (w^3) ---- (2)
k (w^3) = v/3375.
Let, v1, v2 and v3 be the values of the 3 pieces of weights 4w, 5w and 6w respectively.
v1 = 64k (w^3)
v2 = 125k (w^3)
v3 = 216k (w^3)
Thus the total value of the 3 pieces of the gem
= v1 + v2 + v3
= 405k (w^3)
From equation 2
The total value of the 3 pieces = 405*v/3375
Loss = v - (405*v/3375) ---- (3)
In a similar fashion
The second time it breaks in three equal parts i.e. 1:1:1
In this case total value equals = 3*v/27 ---- (4)
Thus loss = v-(3*v/27 ---- (5)
Now according to the question,
(5) - (3) = 24000
(8v/9) - (2970v/3375) = 24000
v = 2,700,000