A thief was running from the police after the biggest theft the town saw. He took his guard in one of the thirteen caves arranged in a circle. Each day, the thief moves either to the adjacent cave or stay in the same cave. Two cops goes there daily and have enough time to enter any two of the caves out of them.
How will the cop make sure to catch the thief in minimum number of days and what are the minimum number of days?
Stephen died of heart attack. His soul was received in heaven. He was astonished to find himself as young as he had been in his young adult age. He looked around and there were thousands of young and naked people. His eyes searched to find someone familiar and suddenly he noticed Adam and Eve.
A great meeting is held by a great logician where all the other logicians are called upon. The master logician takes them in a room and makes them sit in circle. A hat is placed on each of their heads. Now all of them can see the color of hats others are wearing but can’t see his own. They are told that there different colors of hats.
The master logician explains that a bell will be rung at regular intervals and the moment when a logician knows the color of his hat, he will leave on the next bell. If anyone leaves at the wrong bell, he will be disqualified and sent home.
All of them are assured of one thing that the puzzle will not be impossible for anyone of them. How will they manage the situation?
The first step that they will take will be a leap of logic. What it means is that they will deduce that every color must appear twice at least. Why? Because the master logician has assured them that the puzzle will not be impossible for anyone of them. And if a color appears only once in the circle, the person wearing it will have no clue about that color which will not be fair for him.
Then the logicians will follow the same and look for all the colors of hats in the circle. If one of them sees a color just once, he can safely assume that he is also wearing the hat of the same color as by leap of logic, no color can appear just once. Thus when the bell is rung, he will leave.
In the similar fashion, if anyone sees another color just once, he can determine that he is wearing the hat of the same color and will leave when the bell rings or will be disqualified and sent home. Unvaryingly, if a color is seen twice, they will be eliminated after the first bell. Hence, there must be at least three hats of any of the remaining color.
Assume that you are sitting in the circle and you don’t see a color once but see it twice. Then if they were the only two hats of the same color, the logicians must have left at the first bell already. But they did not. Which means that there are three hats of that color and you are wearing one. Thus you will leave after the second bell.
We know that Christanio Ronaldo tells the truth on only a single day of the week. If the statement on day 1 is untrue, this means that he tells the truth on Monday or Tuesday. If the statement on day 3 is untrue, this means that he tells the truth on Wednesday or Friday. Since Christanio Ronaldo tells the truth on only one day, these statements cannot both be untrue. So, exactly one of these statements must be true, and the statement on day 2 must be untrue.
Assume that the statement on day 1 is true. Then the statement on day 3 must be untrue, from which follows that Christanio Ronaldo tells the truth on Wednesday or Friday. So, day 1 is a Wednesday or a Friday. Therefore, day 2 is a Thursday or a Saturday. However, this would imply that the statement on day 2 is true, which is impossible. From this we can conclude that the statement on day 1 must be untrue.
This means that Christanio Ronaldo told the truth on day 3 and that this day is a Monday or a Tuesday. So day 2 is a Sunday or a Monday. Because the statement on day 2 must be untrue, we can conclude that day 2 is a Monday.
So day 3 is a Tuesday. Therefore, the day on which Christanio Ronaldo tells the truth is Tuesday.
In a closed jar, there are three strawberry candies, two mango candies and five pineapple candies. You can't see inside the jar. Now, how many toffees you must take out from the jar to make sure that you have one of each flavor?
2 < 3 < 5
To find out the required number of candies, take one in place of the least number (i.e. take one mango candy) and then add all the greater numbers (i.e. three strawberry and five pineapple candies) to it.
Akbar summoned Birbal out of anger. He told him that he will have to face death. He asked him to make a statement and if the statement is true he will be buried alive and if the statement is false, he will be thrown at lions. After hearing Birbal’s statement, Akbar could do nothing but smile. He gave him 5 gold bars and let him go.
I will be thrown at lions. Now if Akbar threw him at lions, Birbal’s statement will stand true and he will have to bury him alive. But if he bury him, the statement will emerge as false. Thus he had no choice left
I was invited on a pet show by a fellow colleague. Since I was a bit busy that day, I sent my brother to the show. When he returned back I asked him about the show. He told me that all except two animals were fishes, all except two animals were cats and all except two entries were dogs.
To his statement I was a bit puzzled and I could not understand how many animals of each kind were present in that pet show. Can you tell me?
The question might appear a bit difficult in the starting but if you analyze the statements, you will realize that it is just a tricky one.
All except two were fishes and all except two were cats. With these statements we can assume that two of the animals were not fishes and two were not cats. Now one of those animals that are not fishes can be a cat and one of those two animals that are not cats can be a fish. Just carry out the same analysis for the statement that all except two animals were not dogs and you will come across the result i.e.:
In that competition, there was one fish, one cat and one dog.
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