After teaching his class all about roman numerals (X = 10, IX=9 and so on) the teacher asked his class to draw a single continuous line and turn IX into 6. The only stipulation the teacher made was that the pen could not be lifted from the paper until the line was complete.
For each 5 miles driven using this rotation, each tire will lose (2/29000)+(2/21000) of its tread.So, suppose we drive 5*N miles like this. Then, each tire will lose 2*N*((1/29000)+(1/21000)) of its tread. We wish to determine N so that the latter expression gets to be 1, representing all of each tire's tread. That happens when N=6090, which is when 5*N (the total miles driven) is 30,450.
A mastermind organized a quiz competition in which six selected candidates were invite namely James Hunt, Ruxandra Bar, Sophia Connors, David Finch, Fred Odea and Brian Miller. A 'special puzzle' was asked to all of them. The first one to answer it was promised for a big award.
After that, the candidates were offered the meal before the mastermind stood up to announce the much awaited result. He started announcing:
'Ok now everybody!'
'The winner of…..'
'The Hardest Riddle Ever Event.'
And then he smiled. All the candidates understood who won.
Just look at the announcement lines. The first sentence in 'Ok now everybody!' If you take out just the first letter of every word, it will form 'ONE'. In the same manner the second sentence 'The winner of…..' will give form 'TWO' and the third sentence 'The Hardest Riddle Ever Event.' Will form THREE.
Thus the final sentence must form FOUR. There is only one candidate who can suffice with the first two letter and he is Fred Odea. The final sentence of the mastermind must be, 'Fred Odea: Ultimate Riddler!'
Imagine that you are travelling to a village. You happen to reach a point in the road where there is a fork. There are two ways that you can go into but only one amongst them is correct and leads to the village. You happen to see two men standing on the fork and you can ask them for the direction. To your bad luck, one amongst the two men always lies and the other one always says the truth. But you do not know who is a liar and who is not. At that point of the situation you are allowed to ask only one question to any one of the men standing there.
You can ask this question to any one person, "if I ask the man who is next you: which is the correct way and the road to the village, what would the person next to you answer?"
If you happened to ask this question to the liar, he will show you the wrong way.
And if you happened to ask this question to the one who says truth, he will also show you the wrong way.
Once you are done with this, take the other way. This will lead you to the village
Jonathan has three boxes containing milk chocolates and dark chocolates. The problem is that all of them have been labeled incorrectly as follows.
Box1: Dark Chocolates
Box2: Milk Chocolates
Box3: Dark Chocolates and Milk Chocolates
How will he label all the boxes correctly by just opening one box?
It has been clearly mentioned that all the boxes are labeled incorrectly. If he opens the Box3, then he will get either Dark Chocolates or Milk Chocolates as it is labeled incorrectly. Let us suppose he finds Dark Chocolates in there. Now since all are labeled incorrectly, Box B A must contain Milk Chocolates and Box B must contain Milk Chocolates and Dark Chocolates.
You can see five identical squares made with blue matchsticks in the given figure. You have to make them six identical squares instead. To do that, you are only allowed to move three matchsticks. How will you achieve the desired result?
You are the ruler of a medieval empire and you are about to have a celebration tomorrow. The celebration is the most important party you have ever hosted. You've got 1000 bottles of wine you were planning to open for the celebration, but you find out that one of them is poisoned.
The poison exhibits no symptoms until death. Death occurs within ten to twenty hours after consuming even the minutest amount of poison.
You have over a thousand slaves at your disposal and just under 24 hours to determine which single bottle is poisoned.
You have a handful of prisoners about to be executed, and it would mar your celebration to have anyone else killed.
What is the smallest number of prisoners you must have to drink from the bottles to be absolutely sure to find the poisoned bottle within 24 hours?
10 prisoners must sample the wine. Bonus points if you worked out a way to ensure than no more than 8 prisoners die.
Number all bottles using binary digits. Assign each prisoner to one of the binary flags. Prisoners must take a sip from each bottle where their binary flag is set.
Here is how you would find one poisoned bottle out of eight total bottles of wine.
Bottle 1 Bottle 2 Bottle 3 Bottle 4 Bottle 5 Bottle 6 Bottle 7 Bottle 8
Prisoner A X X X X
Prisoner B X X X X
Prisoner C X X X X
In the above example, if all prisoners die, bottle 8 is bad. If none die, bottle 1 is bad. If A & B dies, bottle 4 is bad.
With ten people there are 1024 unique combination so you could test up to 1024 bottles of wine.
Each of the ten prisoners will take a small sip from about 500 bottles. Each sip should take no longer than 30 seconds and should be a very small amount. Small sips not only leave more wine for guests. Small sips also avoid death by alcohol poisoning. As long as each prisoner is administered about a milliliter from each bottle, they will only consume the equivalent of about one bottle of wine each.
Each prisoner will have at least a fifty percent chance of living. There is only one binary combination where all prisoners must sip from the wine. If there are ten prisoners then there are ten more combination where all but one prisoner must sip from the wine. By avoiding these two types of combination you can ensure no more than 8 prisoners die.
One viewer felt that this solution was in flagrant contempt of restaurant etiquette. The emperor paid for this wine, so there should be no need to prove to the guests that wine is the same as the label. I am not even sure if ancient wine even came with labels affixed. However, it is true that after leaving the wine open for a day, that this medieval wine will taste more like vinegar than it ever did. C'est la vie.
Two friends , Torres and Lampard, meet after a long time.
Torres: Hey, how are you man?
Lampard: Not bad, got married and I have three kids now.
Torres: That's awesome. How old are they?
Lampard: The product of their ages is 72 and the sum of their ages is the same as your birth date.
Torres: Cool..But I still don't know.
Lampard: My eldest kid just started taking piano lessons.
Torres: Oh now I get it.
The sum of their ages is the same as your birth date. That could be anything from 1 to 31 but the fact that Torres was unable to find out the ages, it means there are two or more combinations with the same sum. From the choices above, only two of them are possible now.