Mind Teasers :
The Treasure And The Five Pirates Brain Twister
A treasure of 1000 gold coins is captured by a pirate ship. There are five pirates in the ship according to their order of rank and the treasure must be divided amongst them. There are few characters in the pirates. They are Bloodthirsty, infinitely smart, greedy. The five pirates should make a proposal and if the majority of the pirates do not agree with the proposal, the pirate is pushed out of the ship. The proposal starts from the fifth pirate.
The main idea for getting the solution for this puzzle is that the pirate should know that he will be getting the treasure for the acceptance of the proposal. And if he gets to know that the treasure he is getting is less than the others then he will not accept the proposal. If the last one who is left is the pirate 1 then he will be the one who will be getting all the golden coins.
If pirate 1 would be the only one left, he would get all the golden coins. If only pirates 1 and 2 would be left, pirate 2 would die for sure, since pirate 1 is bloodthirsty and will reject all proposals of pirate 2 (since he will get all coins anyway). So:
| Pirate 1 | Pirate 2
Number of coins | 1000 | 0
Pirate agrees | No | Yes
When also pirate 3 would still be alive, he needs the agreement of one of the other two. Pirate 2 will agree with every proposal since, as we have seen, he would die if he did not. Therefore, pirate 3 should propose to keep everything for himself.
| Pirate 1 | Pirate 2 | Pirate 3
Number of coins | 0 | 0 | 1000
Pirate agrees | No | Yes | Yes
When we have four pirates, pirate 4 should make two other pirates agree with his proposal. Therefore, he proposes to give one coin to pirate 1, one coin to pirate 2, and the rest to himself. Pirates 1 and 2 will accept the proposal, since they are greedy, and if they would not accept, they would get less.
| Pirate 1 | Pirate 2 | Pirate 3 | Pirate 4
Number of coins | 1 | 1 | 0 | 998
Pirate agrees | Yes | Yes | No | Yes
However, as we know, there are five pirates. If pirate 5 gives both pirate 1 (or 2) and pirate 3 one coin more than in the previous case, they are willing to accept the proposal. Then a majority (three out of five) of the pirates will support the proposal, and pirate 5 can keep the rest of the treasure to himself.
| Pirate 1 | Pirate 2 | Pirate 3 | Pirate 4 | Pirate 5
Number of coins | 2 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 997
Pirate agrees | Yes | No | Yes | No | Yes
Conclusion: Pirate 5 should propose to give two coins to pirate 1 (or 2), one coin to pirate 3, and the remaining 997 coins to himself.
There is a simple logic to solve this question.
The size of the chocolate is 2 x 8. Thus, you need to have 2 x 8 = 16 pieces.
Every time you break the chocolate, you will get one extra piece.
Thus, to get 16 pieces, you must break it (16 - 1) = 15 times.
Suppose there is a Christmas tree and four angels are sitting on it amidst the other ornaments. Two of them have black halos and two of them have white halos. No body among them can see above their head. Angel A is sitting on the top branch and can see angels B and C sitting below him. B can see C who is sitting in a branch lower than his. Angel D is at the base of the tree and can't be seen due to the branches in between. Also, he can't see anybody as well.
If they are asked to guess the color of their own halo (they dont know that), who do you think will be able to deduce and speak up first with a right answer?
Now there can be two solutions to the given situation because there can be two situations:
Suppose if B and C have same colors, A will know that his color is the other one and he will be able to speak up the first.
Now if B and C do not have same colors, A will stay silent. This will tell B that his and C's colors are different. Thus he will speak up first.
So either A or B will speak up first depending on the situation.
We all know that New Year occurs after a week from Christmas and thus it falls on the same day as of Christmas. But this will not happen in 2050. In 2050, Christmas will appear on Sunday while New Year will appear on Saturday.
Read the question carefully again. New Year do falls after Christmas but that happens if two different years. The question is put up against the year 2050 and thus there will be 51 weeks and 2 days in between them as New Year will appear on 1 January 2050 and Christmas will happen on 25 December 2050.
You are the ruler of a medieval empire and you are about to have a celebration tomorrow. The celebration is the most important party you have ever hosted. You've got 1000 bottles of wine you were planning to open for the celebration, but you find out that one of them is poisoned.
The poison exhibits no symptoms until death. Death occurs within ten to twenty hours after consuming even the minutest amount of poison.
You have over a thousand slaves at your disposal and just under 24 hours to determine which single bottle is poisoned.
You have a handful of prisoners about to be executed, and it would mar your celebration to have anyone else killed.
What is the smallest number of prisoners you must have to drink from the bottles to be absolutely sure to find the poisoned bottle within 24 hours?
10 prisoners must sample the wine. Bonus points if you worked out a way to ensure than no more than 8 prisoners die.
Number all bottles using binary digits. Assign each prisoner to one of the binary flags. Prisoners must take a sip from each bottle where their binary flag is set.
Here is how you would find one poisoned bottle out of eight total bottles of wine.
Bottle 1 Bottle 2 Bottle 3 Bottle 4 Bottle 5 Bottle 6 Bottle 7 Bottle 8
Prisoner A X X X X
Prisoner B X X X X
Prisoner C X X X X
In the above example, if all prisoners die, bottle 8 is bad. If none die, bottle 1 is bad. If A & B dies, bottle 4 is bad.
With ten people there are 1024 unique combination so you could test up to 1024 bottles of wine.
Each of the ten prisoners will take a small sip from about 500 bottles. Each sip should take no longer than 30 seconds and should be a very small amount. Small sips not only leave more wine for guests. Small sips also avoid death by alcohol poisoning. As long as each prisoner is administered about a milliliter from each bottle, they will only consume the equivalent of about one bottle of wine each.
Each prisoner will have at least a fifty percent chance of living. There is only one binary combination where all prisoners must sip from the wine. If there are ten prisoners then there are ten more combination where all but one prisoner must sip from the wine. By avoiding these two types of combination you can ensure no more than 8 prisoners die.
One viewer felt that this solution was in flagrant contempt of restaurant etiquette. The emperor paid for this wine, so there should be no need to prove to the guests that wine is the same as the label. I am not even sure if ancient wine even came with labels affixed. However, it is true that after leaving the wine open for a day, that this medieval wine will taste more like vinegar than it ever did. C'est la vie.
On a random day , i was not able to logged-in with my bank password , so i contacted them on phone.
Our conversation is stated as :
myself : My password is altered.
myself : I am not able to logged-in.
customer-executive : Your password is distinct this time and it got 8 letters , out of which 2 are same of your previous password.
myself: Thanks , now i am able to logged-in.
Angelina Jolie is trapped in a tomb. The only way to escape is figure out a 13 character password. Following are the five clues that are available to her.
Precisely two of the below statements are false.
The password is confined within this sentence.
The password is not in this hint.
The password is inside only one of these statements.
At least one of the above statement is a lie.
As shown in picture, there are four gears with the following specification
* Gear A has 60 teeth
* Gear B has 40 teeth
* Gear C has 20 teeth
* Gear D has 60 teeth
* Every minute, Gear B makes 15 complete turns.
There are two barber shop in a small town – one located in the eastern market and the other on the northern market. The shop in the eastern market is quite untidy and the barber has a shabby haircut. While the shop in the northern market is quite neat and clean and the barber is sporting an excellent haircut himself.
Which of the two shops will any foreign visitor opt for?
Anybody will prefer the shop in the eastern market for sure. There are two reasons for it:
Firstly, since there are only two barbers in the town, the one running the shop in eastern market must have gotten his hair done by the one running the shop in the northern market and vice versa. Thus, if the barber in the eastern market has a shabby haircut, it must be due to the incompatibility.
Secondly, the neat and clean shop can be due to the scarcity of customers as well. While the untidy place refers to the fact that so many customers get their hair done in that shop.
Thus any one will opt for the barber shop in the eastern market.
An old man in the village feels that his end is near. He calls his two sons to discuss about the land he owns and other properties. He tells them to have a race on their horses till the city border. The one with the slower horse will be rewarded with the entire property.
Both of them keep wandering here or there without any result as no one is filling to reach the border. Then they visit the wise man of the village and seek his advice. The wise men tells them something listening to which they jump on the horses and race as fast as they can till the city border.