You can place weights on both side of weighing balance and you need to measure all weights between 1 and 1000. For example if you have weights 1 and 3,now you can measure 1,3 and 4 like earlier case, and also you can measure 2,by placing 3 on one side and 1 on the side which contain the substance to be weighed. So question again is how many minimum weights and of what denominations you need to measure all weights from 1kg to 1000kg.
This is a classic chess puzzle and considered to be one of the hardest puzzles in history.
As shown in the picture below, White army is arranged in a classic chess board. You need to add black army i.e
in such a way that not a single piece of either color is under attack.
You are sitting in front of your interviewer. He gives you three envelopes. One of them contains an offer letter and the other two are empty. You pick up one of them. Now, the interviewer opens up one of the envelope lying on the table and you find out that it is blank.
Now, he gives you a chance to switch your envelope with the one on the table. Would you switch it? Why or why not?
Yes, you should switch the envelope. In the beginning when you picked up the envelope, you had a 1/3 probability of finding an offer letter in the envelope. There was 2/3 chance that the letter was there in the two envelopes on the table.
If you keep your selected envelope, you still have a 1/3 chance of finding an offer letter in that. However, since the interviewer has removed one empty envelope from the table, if you switch, you have a probability of 2/3 that the offer letter is inside that.
Two brothers have developed differences among themselves and thus want to part ways. The problem is that they have one big land that is irregular in shape. Both of them want an equal share which is fairly impossible as there is no way that land could be divided in equal halves due to irregularity in the shape.
The wisest man of the village is called who tells a way in which both of them will be happy even though the land might not be divided into exactly equal halves.
He simply suggested that one of the brothers will be allowed to divide the land but he must take into consideration that it will be the other one who will have a choice of selecting his land between the two halves first.