Mind Teasers :
Survival Maths Probability Brain Teaser
You have succeeded in going to the top of a brainvita (a contest with prizes). Your final task lays ahead of you.
There are 100 table tennis balls and 2 empty bowls in front of you. Out of the 100 balls, 50 are white and 50 are yellow in color. Now, you are asked to fill the bowls in any manner you like (using all the balls).
After you are done, you will be blindfolded and the bowls will be shuffled. Then, you will be asked to pick up a ball from any bowl. If the ball you pick up is yellow, you will win the grand prize and if you pick up the white ball, you will not win anything.
* They have only one torch and the river is too risky to cross without the torch.
* If all people cross simultaneously then torch light wont be sufficient.
* Speed of each person of crossing the river is different.cross time for each person is 1 min, 2 minutes, 7 minutes and 10 minutes.
What is the shortest time needed for all four of them to cross the river ?
The initial solution most people will think of is to use the fastest person as an usher to guide everyone across. How long would that take? 10 + 1 + 7 + 1 + 2 = 21 minutes. Is that it? No. That would make this question too simple even as a warm up question.
Let's brainstorm a little further. To reduce the amount of time, we should find a way for 10 and 7 to go together. If they cross together, then we need one of them to come back to get the others. That would not be ideal. How do we get around that? Maybe we can have 1 waiting on the other side to bring the torch back. Ahaa, we are getting closer. The fastest way to get 1 across and be back is to use 2 to usher 1 across. So let's put all this together.
1 and 2 go cross
2 comes back
7 and 10 go across
1 comes back
1 and 2 go across (done)
You are the ruler of a medieval empire and you are about to have a celebration tomorrow. The celebration is the most important party you have ever hosted. You've got 1000 bottles of wine you were planning to open for the celebration, but you find out that one of them is poisoned.
The poison exhibits no symptoms until death. Death occurs within ten to twenty hours after consuming even the minutest amount of poison.
You have over a thousand slaves at your disposal and just under 24 hours to determine which single bottle is poisoned.
You have a handful of prisoners about to be executed, and it would mar your celebration to have anyone else killed.
What is the smallest number of prisoners you must have to drink from the bottles to be absolutely sure to find the poisoned bottle within 24 hours?
10 prisoners must sample the wine. Bonus points if you worked out a way to ensure than no more than 8 prisoners die.
Number all bottles using binary digits. Assign each prisoner to one of the binary flags. Prisoners must take a sip from each bottle where their binary flag is set.
Here is how you would find one poisoned bottle out of eight total bottles of wine.
Bottle 1 Bottle 2 Bottle 3 Bottle 4 Bottle 5 Bottle 6 Bottle 7 Bottle 8
Prisoner A X X X X
Prisoner B X X X X
Prisoner C X X X X
In the above example, if all prisoners die, bottle 8 is bad. If none die, bottle 1 is bad. If A & B dies, bottle 4 is bad.
With ten people there are 1024 unique combination so you could test up to 1024 bottles of wine.
Each of the ten prisoners will take a small sip from about 500 bottles. Each sip should take no longer than 30 seconds and should be a very small amount. Small sips not only leave more wine for guests. Small sips also avoid death by alcohol poisoning. As long as each prisoner is administered about a milliliter from each bottle, they will only consume the equivalent of about one bottle of wine each.
Each prisoner will have at least a fifty percent chance of living. There is only one binary combination where all prisoners must sip from the wine. If there are ten prisoners then there are ten more combination where all but one prisoner must sip from the wine. By avoiding these two types of combination you can ensure no more than 8 prisoners die.
One viewer felt that this solution was in flagrant contempt of restaurant etiquette. The emperor paid for this wine, so there should be no need to prove to the guests that wine is the same as the label. I am not even sure if ancient wine even came with labels affixed. However, it is true that after leaving the wine open for a day, that this medieval wine will taste more like vinegar than it ever did. C'est la vie.
You can see five identical squares made with blue matchsticks in the given figure. You have to make them six identical squares instead. To do that, you are only allowed to move three matchsticks. How will you achieve the desired result?
A pack of cards has 52 cards. You are blindfolded. Out of 52, 42 cards are facing down while 10 are facing up. You have been asked to divide this pack of cards into two decks - so that each deck contains an equal number of face up cards. Remember, you are blindfolded.
Take 10 number of cards in a new deck and change their face direction. For example- You create a new deck of 10 cards and out of 10, 3 faces up in the new deck. So remaining 7 faces up are in the old deck. But hey! while creating the new deck you reversed the face direction of new cards. So actually the 3 cards which were facing up are actually face down in the new deck while 7 faces up.
The store room of your house is locked with a certain lock that can be closed without a key but requires a key to open which you own (there is no duplicate key). You decide to move your old stuff in the storeroom. After keeping the things carefully, you lock it back again perfectly. The next day, a dead body is found in your closed store room. Since only you have the key to the store room and you live alone, the police suspects you as a murderer. You can’t understand anything when suddenly a thought strikes your mind. There is a possible way using which the dead body could have been placed by someone else.
Can you find that way so you can tell the police and prove yourself to be innocent?
When you were inside the shed, the murderer replaced the lock with his own one that was identical to your original lock. When you locked the store room, you did not require a key and there was nothing abnormal for you. When you left, the murderer opened the lock with his key, planted the dead body inside and replaced the lock again putting the original lock in the place. He then closed it without any problem.
All Digits [0-9] follow the following pattern: There is one occurrence of all digits in every 10 numbers Example. Digit-9 occurred one time between 10 and 19 in 9, between 20 and 29 in 29
However, for tens(91,92,93...99) and hundreds (900,901.... 999), the occurrence is much more. Since we have included 1000, Therefor 1 is the most occurred digit.
Note: Despite three '0s' in 1000, 0 is not most occurred digit as they don't have tens and hundreds like other digits.
Rohit is on his way to visit your Grandma, who lives at the end of the state.It's her birthday, and he want to give her the cakes that he has made.Between his place and her grandma house, he need to cross 7 toll bridges.
Before you can cross the toll bridge, you need to give them half of the cakes you are carrying, but as they are kind trolls, they each give you back a single cake.
How many cakes do rohit have to carry with him so he can reach his grandma home with exactly 2 cakes?