A great meeting is held by a great logician where all the other logicians are called upon. The master logician takes them in a room and makes them sit in circle. A hat is placed on each of their heads. Now all of them can see the color of hats others are wearing but can’t see his own. They are told that there different colors of hats.
The master logician explains that a bell will be rung at regular intervals and the moment when a logician knows the color of his hat, he will leave on the next bell. If anyone leaves at the wrong bell, he will be disqualified and sent home.
All of them are assured of one thing that the puzzle will not be impossible for anyone of them. How will they manage the situation?
The first step that they will take will be a leap of logic. What it means is that they will deduce that every color must appear twice at least. Why? Because the master logician has assured them that the puzzle will not be impossible for anyone of them. And if a color appears only once in the circle, the person wearing it will have no clue about that color which will not be fair for him.
Then the logicians will follow the same and look for all the colors of hats in the circle. If one of them sees a color just once, he can safely assume that he is also wearing the hat of the same color as by leap of logic, no color can appear just once. Thus when the bell is rung, he will leave.
In the similar fashion, if anyone sees another color just once, he can determine that he is wearing the hat of the same color and will leave when the bell rings or will be disqualified and sent home. Unvaryingly, if a color is seen twice, they will be eliminated after the first bell. Hence, there must be at least three hats of any of the remaining color.
Assume that you are sitting in the circle and you don’t see a color once but see it twice. Then if they were the only two hats of the same color, the logicians must have left at the first bell already. But they did not. Which means that there are three hats of that color and you are wearing one. Thus you will leave after the second bell.
Tanu lives on the 13th floor takes the elevator down to the ground floor every morning and goes to her office.
In the evening, when she comes back on a rainy day , or if there are other people around in the elevator, she goes to her 13th floor directly. Otherwise, she goes to the 1oth floor and walks up three flights of stairs to his apartment.
There can be myriad ways to create a palindrome. One day, I thought of making my own palindrome. I thought of a number and then decided to add the reversed number to it. Sadly, I did not get a palindrome.
So I kept repeating this step and eventually I succeeded in creating a palindrome. I don't know if you can always create a palindrome using this method but I was able to generate one of four digits.
A man desired to get into his work building, however he had forgotten his code.
However, he did recollect five pieces of information
-> Sum of 5th number and 3rd number is 14.
-> Difference of 4th and 2nd number is 1.
-> The 1st number is one less than twice the 2nd number.
->The 2nd number and the 3rd number equals 10.
->The sum of all digits is 30.
First fill the 8 liters jug complete - 4, 8, 0
Fill the 5 liters jug with 8 liters jug - 4, 3, 5
Pour back the beer from 5 liters jug to 12 liters jug - 9, 3, 0
Pour the 3 liters from 8 liters jug to 5 liters jug - 9, 0, 3
Fill the 8 liters jug completely from 12 liters jug - 1, 8, 3
Fill the 5 liters jug from the 8 liters jug - 1, 6, 5
Pour the entire 5 liters jug back in 12 liters jug - 6, 6, 0
You have successfully split the beer into two equal parts.
If we tie a sheep to one peg, a circled grass is been eaten by the sheep. If we tie the sheep to two pegs with a circle on its neck, then an eclipse is eaten out of the grass by the sheep. If we want an eclipse then we put two pegs then put a rope in between then and the other end of the rope is tied up on the sheep's neck.
Question: how should we tie the peg and the sheep so that a square is eaten out from the garden's grass? We only have one sheep's rope and the peg and the rings.