It takes ten minutes to fry a steak (five minutes for each side). You are frying the steaks in a pan that can accommodate only two steaks at one time. What is the least amount of time by which you can fry all the three steaks you have?
After frying for five minutes, you can take out one steak and put the third one inside while turning the other one inside. After five more minutes, one steak is fried from both sides and you can take it out. Now put in the steak that we removed and turn the other one inside. After five more minutes, they both will also be fried from both sides.
You have ten boxes and an electronic weighing machine. In those ten boxes, you have chocolates. Each chocolate weigh 20 grams. But in one box the chocolates are defective and each weigh 19 grams exactly.
Now you can weigh in the electronic weighing machine but you can use that machine just once. How will you find out which box has the defected chocolates.
If you are thinking to hold one chocolate from each box in hand and then balancing weight in bare hands, you are thinking all wrong.
Let us begin by labelling boxes as 1, 2, 3 and so on till 10.
Now pick one chocolate from box 1, two chocolates from box 2, three from box 3 and so on. In total, you will have 55 chocolates now. (1 + 2 + 3 + ..... + 10)
The ideal weight of the chocolates should be 55 * 20 = 1100. However, somewhere in there are the defected chocolate/s.
You can judge that clearly by noting down the result of 1100 - total weight of chocolates. If the weight is less than 1 gram, the defected box is box 1, if the weight is less than 2 grams, the defected box is box 2 and so on.
I was invited on a pet show by a fellow colleague. Since I was a bit busy that day, I sent my brother to the show. When he returned back I asked him about the show. He told me that all except two animals were fishes, all except two animals were cats and all except two entries were dogs.
To his statement I was a bit puzzled and I could not understand how many animals of each kind were present in that pet show. Can you tell me?
The question might appear a bit difficult in the starting but if you analyze the statements, you will realize that it is just a tricky one.
All except two were fishes and all except two were cats. With these statements we can assume that two of the animals were not fishes and two were not cats. Now one of those animals that are not fishes can be a cat and one of those two animals that are not cats can be a fish. Just carry out the same analysis for the statement that all except two animals were not dogs and you will come across the result i.e.:
In that competition, there was one fish, one cat and one dog.