Aptitude Questions :
Combination Interview Problem
22 Players have been allotted in the team of Argentina. The captain of the team is from Brazil and the goalkeeper is from a European team. For the remaining twenty players, they have picked six players from Argentina and fourteen from Europe. In a match, only eleven players are required which must comprise of the captain and the goalkeeper. For the remaining nine players, the manager decides to select three from Argentina and six from Europe.
What are the number of methods available for such a formation?
A) Fill 5 ml gallon ( 5mlGallon - 5, 3mlGallon - 0)
B) Transfer to 3 ml gallon (5mlGallon - 2, 3mlGallon - 3)
C) Empty 3 ml gallon ( 5mlGallon - 2, 3mlGallon - 0)
D) Transfer 2 ml from 5 ml gallon to 3 ml gallon (5mlGallon - 0, 3mlGallon - 2)
E) Fill 5 ml gallon(5mlGallon - 5, 3mlGallon - 2)
F) Transfer 1 ml from 5 ml gallon to 3 ml gallons(5mlGallon - 4, 3mlGallon - 3)
You can place weights on both side of weighing balance and you need to measure all weights between 1 and 1000. For example if you have weights 1 and 3,now you can measure 1,3 and 4 like earlier case, and also you can measure 2,by placing 3 on one side and 1 on the side which contain the substance to be weighed. So question again is how many minimum weights and of what denominations you need to measure all weights from 1kg to 1000kg.
We all know that New Year occurs after a week from Christmas and thus it falls on the same day as of Christmas. But this will not happen in 2050. In 2050, Christmas will appear on Sunday while New Year will appear on Saturday.
Read the question carefully again. New Year do falls after Christmas but that happens if two different years. The question is put up against the year 2050 and thus there will be 51 weeks and 2 days in between them as New Year will appear on 1 January 2050 and Christmas will happen on 25 December 2050.
This is a famous probability puzzle in which you have to choose the correct answer at random from the four options below.
Can you tell us whats the probability of choosing correct answer in this random manner.
David and Albert are playing a game. There are digits from 1 to 9. The catch is that each one of them has to cut one digit and add it to his respective sum. The one who is able to obtain a sum of exact 15 will win the game?
You are a friend of David. Do you suggest him to play first or second?
Let's suppose that David plays first and he picks 9. Then Albert will definitely pick 8. Now, David will have to pick 7 or Albert will pick 7 in his turn. But if David picks up 7, then he will score 16 that is beyond 15 and will lose. So one thing is for sure, no one will be willing to start with the highest digits.
Suppose David plays first and picks up 1, Albert will pick 2. Then David will pick 3 and Albert will pick 4. Now David will be forced to pick 9. The score is 6 to 13 and thus David will have no chance of winning.
If David Picks 9 after Albert has picked up 2, then Albert will pick 8 and the score will become 10 to 10. Thus David will pick 3 as picking 7 will send him past 15. Now Albert will pick 4 and David has nothing to pick for winning. Thus Albert wins.
Therefore, you should suggest David to play second.
You have been given three jars of 3 liters, 5 liters and 8 liters capacity out of which the 8 liters jar is filled completely with water. Now you have to use these three jars to divide the water into two parts of 4 liters each.
How can you do it making the least amount of transfers?
Four friends need to cross a dangerous bridge at night. Unfortunately, they have only one torch and the bridge is too dangerous to cross without one. The bridge is only strong enough to support two people at a time. Not all people take the same time to cross the bridge. Times for each person: 1 min, 2 mins, 7 mins and 10 mins. What is the shortest time needed for all four of them to cross the bridge?
The initial solution most people will think of is to use the fastest person as an usher to guide everyone across. How long would that take? 10 + 1 + 7 + 1 + 2 = 21 mins. Is that it? No. That would make this question too simple even as a warm up question.
Let’s brainstorm a little further. To reduce the amount of time, we should find a way for 10 and 7 to go together. If they cross together, then we need one of them to come back to get the others. That would not be ideal. How do we get around that? Maybe we can have 1 waiting on the other side to bring the torch back. Ahaa, we are getting closer. The fastest way to get 1 across and be back is to use 2 to usher 1 across. So let’s put all this together.
1 and 2 go cross
2 comes back
7 and 10 go across
1 comes back
1 and 2 go across (done)
Three college toppers are summoned by the inspecting faculty. To identify the best from them, the faculty takes them into a room and places one hat on each of their heads. Now all of them can see the hats on other’s heads but can’t see his own. There are two colored hats – green and red.
Now the faculty announces that he had made sure that the competition is extremely fair to all three of them. He also gives them a hint that at least one of them is wearing a red hat. Now the first one who is able to deduce his own hat color will be awarded the most intelligent student of all award. After a few minutes, one of them raises his hand and is able to deduce the color correctly.
There are two things to keep in mind:
Firstly there is at least one red hat. (There can be two or three as well).
Secondly the competition is fair for everyone.
Thus if there is only one red hat, that person will see two green hats on other heads and will be able to deduce his own color as red. However the other students will see one red and one green hat and can never be sure. In such manner, the competition will prove to be partial for one student.
Suppose if there are two red hats. Then the students who are wearing red hats will see one red and one green hat on others. Now they must have deduced that there can’t be just one red hat. Thus they will know that they are also wearing a red hat. But the one who is wearing a green hat will see two red hats and can never be sure of his own color. In this case as well, the competition will not be fair.
Thus the only possible and fair means is if all of them are wearing a red hat. The one who is able to deduce the situation first, will raise his hand and will tell the correct answer.
There can be two possibilities for the given situation.
One is if I run on the perimeter. Then, the lion will eventually catch me as the lion can follow my radius and then his trajectory will be half of the circle and not a spiral. Therefore, the lion will subsequently catch me in a finite amount of time.
Secondly if I don’t run on the perimeter, then clearly, I have an infinite amount of time before the lion catches me.
For my anniversary, I decided to surprise my wife. Since she is a voracious reader, I decided to collect a lot of books for her. On the first day of the month, I bought one book, on the second, I bought two and on the third, I bought three. This process went on till the anniversary and on the day, I had 276 books with me to gift her.
Can you calculate, on which day is our anniversary?