Aptitude Questions :
Combination Interview Problem
22 Players have been allotted in the team of Argentina. The captain of the team is from Brazil and the goalkeeper is from a European team. For the remaining twenty players, they have picked six players from Argentina and fourteen from Europe. In a match, only eleven players are required which must comprise of the captain and the goalkeeper. For the remaining nine players, the manager decides to select three from Argentina and six from Europe.
What are the number of methods available for such a formation?
Adam is one of the finalist in an IQ championship. As the final test, he is provided with two hourglass. One of them can measure eleven minutes while the other one can measure thirteen minutes.
He is asked to measure exactly fifteen minutes using those two hourglasses. How will he do it ?
Fifteen minutes can easily be measure using these two hour glasses.
Step 1: He will start both the hourglass.
Step 2: The moment the eleven minute hourglass is empty, he will invert it.
Step 3: When the thirteen minutes hourglass is empty, he will invert the eleven minute hourglass.
In step 3, we will have counted thirteen minutes. Since we inverted the eleven minute hourglass in step 2, it started from fresh and was inverted just for two minutes (13-11=2). In this manner when it is reversed when the thirteen minute hourglass is finished, it will have two minutes of sand left. This time when the sand finishes, he will have measured fifteen minutes. (13+2=15)
Before going to work, Inspector Montalbano got into the fight with his wife. After coming back from the work he found out that the police was in the home and his wife had just killed a burglar.
The police told that she killed the burglar in self-defense. She told her husband the story that she heard a doorbell and thought that it was me and as soon as she opened the door, the burglar jumped into her and she was so scared that she killed burglar immediately with the knife. Inspector Montalbano asked the police to arrest her wife for murder conspiracy. Why?
You can place weights on both side of weighing balance and you need to measure all weights between 1 and 1000. For example if you have weights 1 and 3,now you can measure 1,3 and 4 like earlier case, and also you can measure 2,by placing 3 on one side and 1 on the side which contain the substance to be weighed. So question again is how many minimum weights and of what denominations you need to measure all weights from 1kg to 1000kg.
1. Fill 5 liters jar ( 5l-jar:5, 3l-jar:0)
2. Transfer to 3 liters pail (5l-jar:2, 3l-jar:3)
3. Empty 3 liters jar ( 5l-jar:2, 3l-jar:0)
4. Transfer 2q from 5 pail to 3 pail (5l-jar:0, 3l-jar:2)
5. Fill 5 liters pail(5l-jar:5, 3l-jar:2)
6. Transfer 1q from 5 pail to 3 pail(5l-jar:4, 3l-jar:3)
Step1. Lets say y = x
Step2. Multiply through by x xy = x2
Step3. Subtract y2 from each side xy - y2 = x2 - y2
Step4. Factor each side y(x-y) = (x+y)(x-y)
Step5. Divide both sides by (x-y) y = x+y
Step6. Divide both sides by y y/y = x/y + y/y
Step7. And so... 1 = x/y + 1
Step8. Since x=y, x/y = 1 1 = 1 + 1
Step9. And so... 1 = 2
Step 5 is invalid, because we are dividing by (x-y), and since x=y, we are thus dividing by 0. This is an invalid mathematical operation (division by 0), and so by not following basic mathematical rules
It is best if the person sits on the back of the train. After the stop, the train will be accelerating as it goes into the tunnel. Thus the train will be much master when the back of the train enters the tunnel. In this way, he will have to spend much less time in the tunnel.
There are 100 doors. 100 strangers have been gathered in the adjacent room. The first one goes and opens every door. The second one goes and shuts down all the even numbered doors – second, fourth, sixth... and so on. The third one goes and reverses the current position of every third door (third, sixth, ninth… and so on.) i.e. if the door is open, he shuts it and if the door is shut, he switches opens it. All the 100 strangers progresses in the similar fashion.
After the last person has done what he wanted, which doors will be left open and which ones will be shut at the end?
Think deeply about the door number 56, people will visit it for every divisor it has. So 56 has 1 & 56, 2 & 28, 4 & 14, 7 & 8. So on pass 1, the 1st person will open the door; pass 2, 2nd one will close it; pass 4, open; pass 7, close; pass 8, open; pass 14, close; pass 28, open; pass 56, close.
Thus we can say that the door will just end up back in its original state for each pair of divisor. But what about the cases in which the pair of divisor has analogous number for example door number 16? 16 has the divisors 1 & 16, 2 & 8, 4&4. But 4 is recurrent because 16 is a perfect square, so you will only visit door number 16, on pass 1, 2, 4, 8 and 16… leaving it open at the end. So only perfect square doors will remain open at the end.
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