A) Fill 5 ml gallon ( 5mlGallon - 5, 3mlGallon - 0)
B) Transfer to 3 ml gallon (5mlGallon - 2, 3mlGallon - 3)
C) Empty 3 ml gallon ( 5mlGallon - 2, 3mlGallon - 0)
D) Transfer 2 ml from 5 ml gallon to 3 ml gallon (5mlGallon - 0, 3mlGallon - 2)
E) Fill 5 ml gallon(5mlGallon - 5, 3mlGallon - 2)
F) Transfer 1 ml from 5 ml gallon to 3 ml gallons(5mlGallon - 4, 3mlGallon - 3)
Take both the ropes. Now light the first rope from both the ends. Light the second rope from just one end. In thirty minutes, the first rope will burn fully. At this point of time, the second rope will be left exactly half and you have to light it from the second end now. It will take half of the actual time (thirty minutes) to burn now i.e. fifteen minute.
First fill the 8 liters jug complete - 4, 8, 0
Fill the 5 liters jug with 8 liters jug - 4, 3, 5
Pour back the beer from 5 liters jug to 12 liters jug - 9, 3, 0
Pour the 3 liters from 8 liters jug to 5 liters jug - 9, 0, 3
Fill the 8 liters jug completely from 12 liters jug - 1, 8, 3
Fill the 5 liters jug from the 8 liters jug - 1, 6, 5
Pour the entire 5 liters jug back in 12 liters jug - 6, 6, 0
You have successfully split the beer into two equal parts.
This is a logical test and if you can do it then you have a better logical mind than half of the population.
There are two measuring baskets: one has the capacity of 5 gallons and the other has the capacity of 3 gallons. If you are given with unlimited supply of any liquid, how will you measure 4 gallons of that liquid in the least moves?
Let us rename the Five gallons basket and Three gallons basket as F and T.
Fill F completely and then pour to fill T completely. By doing this you have 2 gallons remaining in F. Pour out T entirely and then fill it with the remaining liquid from F. Now, T has 2 gallons of liquid.
Fill F fully again. Now pour the liquid to fill T which has just 1 gallons of capacity remaining. By doing this, you are left with the required 4 gallons of liquid in F.
In a recreational activity, you are given four different jars of 2 liters, 4 liters, 6 liters and 8 liters respectively with an unlimited water supply. Then you are asked to measure exactly 5 liters of water using them.
Adam is one of the finalist in an IQ championship. As the final test, he is provided with two hourglass. One of them can measure eleven minutes while the other one can measure thirteen minutes.
He is asked to measure exactly fifteen minutes using those two hourglasses. How will he do it ?
Fifteen minutes can easily be measure using these two hour glasses.
Step 1: He will start both the hourglass.
Step 2: The moment the eleven minute hourglass is empty, he will invert it.
Step 3: When the thirteen minutes hourglass is empty, he will invert the eleven minute hourglass.
In step 3, we will have counted thirteen minutes. Since we inverted the eleven minute hourglass in step 2, it started from fresh and was inverted just for two minutes (13-11=2). In this manner when it is reversed when the thirteen minute hourglass is finished, it will have two minutes of sand left. This time when the sand finishes, he will have measured fifteen minutes. (13+2=15)
You are given with two ropes with variable width. However if we start burning both the ropes, they will burn at exactly same time i.e. an hour. The ropes are non-homogeneous in nature. You are asked to measure 45 minutes by using these two ropes.
How can you do it?
Please note that you can’t break the rope in half as it is being clearly stated that the ropes are non-homogeneous in nature.
All you have to do is burn the first rope from both the ends and the second rope from one end only simultaneously. The first rope will burn in 30 minutes (half of an hour since we burned from both sides) while the other rope would have burnt half. At this moment, light the second rope from the other end as well. Where, the second rope would have taken half an hour more to burn completely, it will take just 15 minutes as we have lit it from the other end too.
Thus you have successfully calculated 30+15 = 45 minutes with the help of the two given ropes.
Step1 -> Start running both the hourglasses.
Step2 -> When 4 hours hourglass runs out, turn it over.
Step3 -> When 7 hours hourglass runs out, turn it over.
Step4 -> Again when 4 hours hourglass runs out, turn 7 minute hourglass over (it was running for exactly one minute.)
final step -> 8 minute already passed and allow one minute of 7 hour glass to get over. ==>9 minute